What Causes Acne?

Acne is a very common skin condition that occurs when the skin pores are clogged with both oil and dead skin cells. This can result in blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and cysts. Acne is most commonly found on areas such as the face, chest, and back and can cause embarrassment for those who deal with it. Dr. Jack Bertolino of Smooth Solutions Medical Aesthetics can help patients better understand acne and what can cause it.

What causes acne?

For many decades, researchers have been working to determine the sole cause of acne. However, there are several factors to take into consideration to figure out if an individual will have acne-prone skin. Below are just a couple of the common causes of acne and acne-prone skin:

  • Genetics. For many individuals, acne in one or both of their parents can increase their likelihood of also dealing with acne.
  • Hormones. Fluctuating hormone levels during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can greatly affect the skin’s oil production and lead to breakouts.
  • Stress. Stress is known to aggravate skin conditions like acne, causing flare-ups or worsening already existing breakouts.
  • Diet and lifestyle choices. Eating a diet high in processed foods, not adequately managing sweat or makeup on the face, and smoking can all contribute to acne development.
  • Medications. Certain medications, such as steroids or testosterone replacement therapy, can increase oil production in the skin and lead to breakouts.

When can acne develop?

While most commonly seen during adolescent years, it’s important to remember that acne can affect individuals of any age and gender. It’s also important to note that there is no one-size-fits-all solution for treating acne, as every individual’s skin is unique and may require a personalized skincare plan.

How can acne be treated?

Treating acne usually involves a combination of techniques, including medication (such as topical creams or oral antibiotics), lifestyle changes (like reducing stress levels and improving diet), and proper skin care routines (including non-comedogenic products and gentle cleansing).

Find out more about addressing acne and acne-prone skin!

If you’re experiencing breakouts or are concerned about your risk of developing acne, consult with Dr. Jack Bertolino of Smooth Solutions Medical Aesthetics in Williamsville, NY, to learn more about your options. His practice can be reached by calling 716-633-6100 and scheduling a visit with the team.

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